1. 安装依赖包。

    yum install gcc httpd-devel libxml2-devel openssl-devel pcre-devel bzip2-devel gmp-devel autoconf curl-devel libxslt-devel libpng-devel postgresql-devel sqlite-devel libmemcached libmemcached-devel gcc-c++ unixODBC-devel   pcre-devel gmp gmp-devel  libxslt-devel libjpeg-turbo-devel freetype-devel -y

  2. 下载php源码包

    wget http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.5.20.tar.gz

  3. 编译php源码包

  Shell#cd /usr/local/src

  Shell#wget http://cn2.php.net/distributions/php-5.5.20.tar.gz

  Shell#tar -zxvf php-5.5.20.tar.gz

  Shell#cd php-5.5.20

  Shell#./configure –prefix=/usr/local/php5520 –with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php5520/etc  –with-config-file-scan-dir=/usr/local/php5520/etc/php.d  –with-libdir=lib64  –disable-debug –with-pic –disable-rpath –without-pear –with-bz2  –with-freetype-dir=/usr –with-png-dir=/usr –with-xpm-dir=/usr –enable-gd-native-ttf –without-gdbm –with-gettext –with-gmp –with-iconv –with-jpeg-dir=/usr –with-openssl –with-pcre-regex=/usr –with-zlib –with-layout=GNU –enable-exif –enable-ftp  –enable-sockets –enable-sysvsem –enable-sysvshm –enable-sysvmsg –with-kerberos –enable-shmop –enable-calendar –enable-xml –without-mysql –without-gd –disable-dom –disable-dba –without-unixODBC –disable-pdo –disable-xmlreader –disable-xmlwriter –without-sqlite3 –disable-phar –disable-fileinfo –disable-json –without-pspell –disable-wddx –without-curl –disable-posix –disable-sysvmsg –disable-sysvshm –disable-sysvsem  –enable-fpm –with-mysql=shared,mysqlnd –enable-opcache

  Shell#make && make install

4. 装额外模块(其他模块按照这个模式安装)

  Shell#cd /usr/local/src/php-5.5.20/ext/bcmath

  Shell#/usr/local/php5520/bin/phpize

  Shell#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php5520/bin/php-config

  Shell#make (这一步能够看见生成的bcmath.so的路径)

  Shell#make install

  Shell#vim /usr/local/php5520/etc/php.d/bcmath.ini

  ##########添加

  extension=bcmath.so

  ##########

 

  Shell#cd /usr/local/src/php-5.5.20/ext/gd

  Shell#/usr/local/php5520/bin/phpize

  Shell#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php5520/bin/php-config –with-freetype-dir=/usr/ –with-jpeg-dir=/usr/

  Shell#make && make install

  Shell#vim /usr/local/php5520/etc/php.d/gd.ini

  ##########添加

  extension=gd.so

  ##########

  Shell#rpm -ivh  ftp://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/6/x86_64/libmcrypt-2.5.8-9.el6.x86_64.rpm 

  Shell#rpm -ivh ftp://rpmfind.net/linux/epel/6/x86_64/libmcrypt-devel-2.5.8-9.el6.x86_64.rpm

  Shell#cd /usr/local/src/php-5.5.20/ext/mcrypt

  Shell#/usr/local/php5520/bin/phpize

  Shell#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php5520/bin/php-config

  Shell#make && make install

  Shell#vim /usr/local/php5520/etc/php.d/mcrypt.ini

  ##########添加

  extension=mcrypt.so

  ##########

    

  #php的缓存模块,对性能提高比较大

  Shell#cd /usr/local/src/php-5.5.20/ext/opcache

  Shell#/usr/local/php5520/bin/phpize

  Shell#./configure –with-php-config=/usr/local/php5520/bin/php-config

  Shell#make && make install

  Shell#vim /usr/local/php5520/etc/php.d/opcache.ini

  ##########添加

  zend_extension=opcache.so

  opcache.fast_shutdown=1

  opcache.enable_cli=1

  opcache.enable=on

  opcache.memory_consumption=128

  opcache.interned_strings_buffer=8

  opcache.max_accelerated_files=4000

  opcache.revalidate_freq=30

  ##########

5. 配置启动php-fpm

  拷贝php-fpm的启动文件

  Shell#cp -a /usr/local/src/php-5.5.20/sapi/fpm/init.d.php-fpm /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm

  Shell#chmod +x /etc/rc.d/init.d/php-fpm

  Shell#/etc/init.d/php-fpm start

 

6. 配置文件说明。

  安装为此之后,php和php-fpm 的配置文件都在 /usr/local/php5520/etc 目录下。